Antonio Guterres will be new Secretary-General of the United Nations
Antonio Guterres will be new Secretary-General of the United Nations.
He is the Former Prime Minister of Portugal. He will replace the current Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, whose term expires on December 31, 2016. Ban Ki-moon is from South Korea. He is continuously on the post of UN Secretary General from 10 years. Ban Ki-moon completed his two terms of 5-5 years. He is to retire on December 31. Antonio Guterres will replace Ban Ki-moon. Antonio Guterres will assume his duties on January 1, 2017. He will be the ninth General Secretary of the 193-member United Nation Organization. Antonio Guterres will be new Secretary-General of the United Nations
About Antonio Guterres
Antonio Guterres is 67 years old. He was the Prime Minister of Portugal in 1995 to 2002. Mr. Guterres was working as a United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees between 2005 to 2015. Antonio Guterres was born in the capital of Portugal, Lisbon on 30 April 1949. His early education was at the secondary school Prestigious Lisu de Camões. He was graduated from the University of Lisbon in 1971. Then he began teaching as a professor. He has elected unanimously for the post of UN Secretary-General by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council on October 13, 2016.
Post of the UN Secretary-General
- There has been the election of the UN Secretary-General in every 5 years. But there is not fixed term of office for the UN Secretary-General. However, it is the tradition to appoint for a term of 5-5 years.
- The Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council Under the UN Charter.
- The first Secretary-General of the United Nations, Trygve Lee was appointed for 3 years for his second term.
- This time for the election Antonio Guterres and the additional 12 other candidates names were proposed by member countries.
- Other candidates were following-
- Dr. Srgjan Kerim from Macedonia
- Dr. Vesna Pusic from Croatia
- Dr. Igor Lucic from Montenegro
- Dr. Danilo Turk from Slovenia
- Irina Georgieva Bokova from Bulgaria
- Natalia Snegur-Gherman from Moldova
- Helen Elizabeth from Clark New Zealand
- Vuk Jeremić from Serbia
- Susana Mabel Malcorra from Argentina
- Miroslav Lajčák from Slovakia
- Karen Christiana Figueres Olsen from Costa Rica
- Kristalina Ivanova Georgieva-Kinova from Bulgaria
- Several stages of informal voting were held in The Security Council. Three names were withdrawn in these polls. Unanimous was made in the favor of Guterres in the sixth round poll. After polling, all the remaining 9 candidates had withdrawn their names.
- The Security Council recommended to choose him for the 5-year term to the General Assembly on October 6, 2016. He was elected by the General Assembly for the post of the Secretary-General on October 6, 2016. He will assume his duties on January 1, 2017.
List of former UN Secretary-General
- Trygve Halvdan Lie from Norway; Term of office – 1946 to 1952
- Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld from Sweden; Term of office- 1953 to 1961
- U. Thant from Myanmar; Term of office- 1961 to 1971
- Kurt Josef Waldheim was an Austrian; Term of office- 1972 to 1981
- Javier Felipe Ricardo Pérez de Cuéllar is a Peruvian diplomat; Term of office- 1982 to 1991
- Boutros Boutros-Ghali was an Egyptian politician and diplomat; Term of office- 1992 to 1996
- Kofi Atta Annan from Ghana; Term of office- 1997 to 2006
- Ban Ki-moon from South Korea; Term of office- 2007 to 2016